organ donation in india 

Organ donation is the process by which biological tissues or organs are obtained or removed from a dead or living person, and are transplanted into the body of another recipient who needs it, then that process is called organ donation. The process of obtaining or transplanting an organ or tissue is known as Harvesting. 

Organ donation can save anyone’s life, but due to misconception and lack of knowledge among people in India, the percentage of organ donation is not as high as it should be. Hundreds of people waiting for organ transplants are dying because of a shortage of organ donors. 

Read also :- how to donate organs?

There is such a difference between people waiting for organs and donors because of the following reasons:- 

  • In case of death due to road accidents, as per rules, only those who die in hospital can be removed. As a result of which the relatives of the person who died on the spot are unable to donate the organs. 
  • Another major reason is that many people do not wish to donate their organs (a registered willingness to donate organs upon death) in their lifetime. • lack of awareness. 
  • Beliefs and misconceptions about religious beliefs also prevent individuals from donating organs.

What is organ donation? 

Organ donation is the process by which biological tissues or organs are obtained or removed from a dead or living person, and are transplanted into the body of another recipient who needs it, then that process is called organ donation. 

It is time for people to become aware of the nuances of organ donation, so that each person can give new life to eight others after their death. First we need to understand that there are two types of organ donation:- 

  1. Living Donor 
  2. Deceased Donor 

types of organ donation 

  1. Living Donor 
  • In this the living person donates his organs. 
  • Liver and kidney and in rare cases a part of pancreas, intestine and lung can also be donated. 
  • Usually this donation should be within the family based on matching the parameters of the donor and the recipient. 
  1. Deceased Donor 
  • As the name suggests, here the organs of the deceased or dead brain are obtained as a favor. 
  • The brainstem of the dead brain is inactive in which voluntary respiration does not take place. 
  • A registered pledge requires the prior consent of the donor or the consent of his or her family members for the removal of organs. 
  • Even if the deceased has pledged to donate organs, in this case the consent form of the next of kin is required to be signed.

organs to be donated while alive 

Liver: The liver has the ability to regenerate (rebuild), thus if a part of the liver is donated, it can grow again or regain the same condition. 

Kidney: Humans can live with only one kidney, so the other kidney can be donated. Lungs: A portion of the lung can be donated. Although this is in contrast to the liver, as the lungs do not have the ability to regenerate. 

Pancreas: Considering its function, a part of the pancreas may be donated. Intestine: In rare cases, a part of the intestine can be donated by donors. 

Individuals with cancer and HIV and those with sepsis (rotating wounds) or those using intravenous (IV) drugs because of active infection cannot donate organs. Whereas the following organs and tissues can be removed from the dead body:- 

  • Kidney – The working time of a transplanted kidney is about nine years. • Liver– A liver has the ability to regenerate. It can be transplanted into two individuals when removed from the individual. So 2 persons can take advantage of one liver. • Heart 
  • Lungs – One or both lungs can be transplanted. 
  • Pancreas 
  • Intestine 
  • blood vessel 
  • Blood and Platelets 
  • Tissues – these can be donated within 24 hours of death. 
  • Cornea (the cornea) – The cornea can be donated within 24 hours of death. It is believed that the cornea of a dead person can bring light to the lives of two blind people. • bones 
  • Skin 
  • nerves 
  • Tendon 
  • Ligaments 
  • Heart valves 
  • Cartilage (soft bone) 

Although most organs removed from donors’ bodies must be replaced within 6 to 72 hours. Whereas tissues such as cornea, skin, heart valves, bone, tendons, ligaments and cartilage can be preserved and stored for later use. 

Age Restrictions:- Anyone with normal health can donate his or her organs.

organ donation process 

  1. Any person can pledge to donate his organs during his lifetime. For this, they are provided with a donor card. While donating an organ, it is mandatory for a person to have a donor card and inform his/her immediate family members. 
  2. The Transplantation of Human Organs Act has been established along with the rules to be followed for donating organs in the case of patients with dead brain. In addition to the procedures laid down in the Act, the legal officer needs the consent of the family and the coroner before the organs can be removed. However, in a process involving legal formalities, the patient is kept alive on a ventilator. 
  3. The most special relatives of the deceased can donate his organs. 

organ donation day in india 

A recent study shows that more than 5 lakh people die every year in India due to organ failure (non-functioning of organs) and lack of availability of organs. Organ Donation Day is celebrated by various people, government organizations, non-governmental organizations and many other organizations, who make people aware about organ donation and its value and inspire people to donate their organs. One donor can save the lives of eight people. Apart from the online registry, organ donation can also be pledged and organ donation can be done in the following organizations:- 

  • Mohan Foundation 
  • Gift Your Organ Foundation 
  • Centenary 
  • Gift a Life 

It is time to forget the myths and stories, believe in science and help the people in distress. It’s time to realize that we can help someone even after our death. It is time to pledge to donate our organs. 

For any query regarding organ donation, please call toll free on 18004193737 (Mohan Foundation).